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postheadericon Look out for the following symptoms of dog cystitis with bladder stones (crystals):

Look out for the following symptoms of dog cystitis with bladder stones (crystals):

1. The dog may go to the toilet a lot more than it does usually.
2. It may struggle to produce any urine
3. There may be a small amount of blood in the urine that is produced.

Small crystals forming on blood cells and bladder lining cells are what cause bladder stones or urolith in your dog’s bladder. Bladder stones can be caused by either a too high acidic level or a very low one and in some cases they even form irrespective of the pH levels in the dog’s urine. There are six different types of bladder stones that can be formed.

A dog’s urine contains several normal chemicals which form these crystals but these crystals will only form at certain pH levels and they will require something to attach to and grow on.

The lining of the dog’s bladder constantly gets rid of old cells and forms new one this gives the crystals something to attach to and grow on. The crystals can attach to one of these dead cells and continue to grow from being microscopic to the size of a golf ball in cases where they are left untreated.

These crystals, when formed, will have sharp edges causing inflammation and burning of the bladder due to these sharp edges constantly scratching and aggravating the bladder lining.

The bladder contracts due to the aggravation and burning and it makes the dog feel like it needs to urinate but the bladder contains little or no urine. Furthermore, there may be a small amount of blood in the urine due to the ruptured blood vessels caused by the inflamed muscles.

If your dog is a male there are chances that the bladder stones can travel from the bladder down into the urethra. The risk of this is that these stones may become wedged into a cylindrical bone that the urethra travels through and cause severe pain to the dog as it obstructs its urine. If this happens the bladder stones will be too be removed urgently before the bladder bursts or the toxins in the urine kills the dog.

The vet will normally ask for a urine sample when the dog is suspected to have this condition. This urine sample will be tested for blood, acidic levels and glucose.

These samples will help the vet in determining whether inflammation is the problem if blood cells are found in the urine or whether the dog is diabetic has a relatively high level of glucose in its urine making it vulnerable to cystitis since glucose helps the bacteria grow and requires a separate type of treatment. The urine sample will also help the vet determine whether the acidity levels in the urine are enough to fight the bacteria.

After the presence of inflammation and cystitis have been confirmed due to the initial testing the dog can be treated by either the appropriate antibiotics or further tests can be conducted to check for bladder stones. These further tests include ultrasound, x-rays and using a small camera which will be passed through the bladder of the dog.

The vet may be able to determine the type of bladder stones present in the dog by the amount of pH levels in its urine. Another method of checking for the type of bladder stones present in the dog is to remove the larger ones and send them for further testing.

If the bladder stones have moved down to the urethra of the male dog the vet may need to push a need through the abdominal wall and into the dog’s bladder to remove some of the urine and ease the dog’s pain and discomfort. After this, the vet will try to slide the bladder stones back into the bladder by using a catheter and flushing the urethra with water and then later operating on the bladder.

If this procedure fails then the vet may have to resort to a more risky surgery on the urethra itself in order to remove the blockage caused by the bladder stones.

After the surgery has been performed and the dog has been given the appropriate medicine the vet will probably put the dog on a special type of food in order to correct the amount of pH levels in its urine. Furthermore, in accordance with previous test results the vet may also prescribe antibiotics.

postheadericon The friesian horse, one of europe’s oldest domesticated breeds, originated in friesland, a province of the netherlands

The Friesian Horse, one of Europe’s oldest domesticated breeds, originated in Friesland, a province of The Netherlands. It is considered to be a Warmblood because of its easy-going temperament with a companionable nature. The Friesian horse is also a talented show horse when it comes to dressage. This is due to its intelligence, willingness to learn and to please, and readiness to perform.

It is difficult to date the precise origin of the Friesian but it is believed to be descended from the ancient Equus robustus (big horse). Frisian horsemen served in the Roman Legions, e.g. the Equites Singulares of Emperor Nero (54-68), and in Great Britain near Hadrian’s Wall which was built in 120 AD. There is certainty that the horse was well-known in the Middle Ages since it is found in art work of that era. Breeding horses was very important for the Frisians and before the reformation, the monks in Friesland monasteries did a lot of horse breeding.

In the 1600’s it was adopted to carry heavy weight under saddle. During the 16th and 17th centuries, and maybe earlier, Arabian blood was introduced through the Spanish Andalusian horses. This gave them the high knee-action, the small head and the craning neck. The Friesian horse has had no influence from the English Thoroughbred and during the last two centuries it has been bred pure.

Through the centuries, the Friesian Government has made many regulations in order to safeguard breeding and now the Dutch Horselaw of 1939 (modified) gives rules for studbook and breeding. Systematic breeding has restored the breed’s quality and its numbers are now increasing. The horse is now being exported to other countries and its popularity is growing.

The Friesian horse was originally imported to North America in the 17th century but the purity of the breed was totally lost in North America due to crossbreeding because due to its splendid action at the trot, the Friesian was bred to be lighter in weight. This, unfortunately, limited its use in agriculture and led to its decline in the early 1900’s. It nearly died out before World War I, when the number of Friesian stallions was reputedly reduced to only three. The breed was rejuvenated by introducing the Oldenburg horse.

Thanks to a few Dutch Friesian admirers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, purebred Friesians are now seen and enjoyed around the world, with the majority being in the Netherlands and Germany, followed by North America where it was reintroduced in 1974. The result has been the establishment of “daughter” societies of FPS around the world.

In conformation, the Friesian horse resembles the ancient western European horse and the knights’ horse called destrier. Most memorable is their impressive stature. Friesian stallions must be at least 15.3 hands by age four with mares and geldings reaching at least 14.3 hands in order to be registered in the adult studbooks. Many are 16.0 hands or more, and weigh 1300 + pounds.

The fine head of the Friesian is carried quite high on an elegantly curved neck with outstanding crest, but compared to the body, the head seems relatively small and either straight or slightly concave. The face is expressive with big eyes, and small ears are typical. The breed has a broad chest with lightly accentuated croup. Tough legs with good bone structure, and hind quarters that are muscular yet smooth, result in an enduring and surefooted horse.

The modern Friesian has long, heavy, luxuriant mane and the extra-long tail; these are never cut and often reach the ground. The breed also has abundant feather and long Shire-like leg hair reaching from the middle of the leg. When performing, these features combine with the feathers and the low set of the tail to emphasize the breed’s powerful and elastic gait.

Up until the turn of the century about twenty percent were chestnut or bay, and gray also occurred in the breed, but black is now the only recognized color, but this may range from very dark brown or black-bay to true black. Many Friesians appear to be black bay when their coats are shedding or when they have become sun or sweat bleached. White markings have been minimized by selective breeding and the only white marking that is allowed on a studbook-registered horse is a small white spot or star between the eyes.

The Friesian has a powerful, high-stepping gait, but aside from its high knee action and elegant performance, the Friesian horse was also used as a trotting race horse for the short distance of 80 rods (325 m). In the 18th and 19th centuries these horse races were very popular in Friesland. For important races the prize was a silver or a gold whip. The Friesian Museum at Leeuwarden has a fine collection of them. The races at Leeuwarden ended in 1891 when H.M. Queen Regent Emma awarded the golden whip for the last time.

The Friesian horse influenced the breeding of the Russian Orloff, along with English and American race horses. Since these horses were bred and used for racing only and were faster, this brought Friesian horseracing to an end.

The modern Friesian is slightly taller and lighter on its feet than its coach-bred ancestors, which has allowed the Friesian to re-emerge as both a champion dressage and driving performance horse.

Driving one or more Friesian horses has become increasingly popular in the past few years. Harness events in shows are usually driven with a high-wheeled gig called the “sjees”, for singles, pairs, and tandems. The oldest original sjees were built in the late 18th century. The sjees derives its elegant form from the two slender, high wheels and the small seat suspended between them on leather straps. The two-person seat has ornately molded, carved, and painted panels, back, front, and sides, with a bit of a Rubenesque look to it. An especially impressive show is the Friesian quadrille which is comprised of 8 sjees, drawn by Friesians, driven by gentlemen accompanied by a lady, both dressed in traditional 1850’s costumes. Complex patterns are driven, showing the drivers’ trust in the obedience of their horses. Driving with four-wheeled show carts is also becoming popular.

The Friesian Horse Association of North America (FHANA) was founded in 1983 and is the North American representative of the original Friesian horse association, Friese Paarden Stamboek (FPS). The FPS is recognized as the world-wide authority on the Friesian Horse. This studbook is the oldest in the Netherlands. It was founded May 1, 1879. There are more than 45,000 Friesians registered worldwide in the FPS with approximately 4,000 of those horses in North America. Tongue-tattooing, once voluntary, became mandatory in 1989.

The rules of FHANA strictly forbid the breeding of FPS registered Friesian horses with other breeds and only Approved Studbook Stallions can sire horses that are eligible for entry in the main studbook registers. There are approximately 75 Approved Stallions in the world today and about a quarter of those are in North America. The selection and testing requirements are so rigorous that only a handful is approved each year. Four years after approval, the stallion’s offspring must demonstrate to the studbook inspectors that the Approved stallion is making a positive impact on the breed or his approval will be withdrawn. This insures that only the very best stallions will influence the future of the Friesian horse.

The naming conventions for the Friesian Horses are quite involved and often require a foal to be renamed with a Friesian word when it becomes an approved breeding stallion. Names of fillies cannot be duplicated in the same calendar year, but its ok for colts to have the same name as other colts. Each calendar year a foal’s name must begin with specific letters of the alphabet as designated by the FPS. For example, names for foals born in 2008 must begin with the letters A, B, or C, and should be relatively simple, consisting of a single word. Explicit details for all naming rules can be found on the FPS website.

The Friesian horse is equally skilled at multi-level dressage, trotting, and driving, singly or combined. The same blood lines that run through the Lipizzaner are present in the Friesian, but unlike some other European warmbloods, Friesians have not been bred as jumpers.

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postheadericon Your first line of apology when care cats out of your patch is to make persuading that you have your boundaries lock

Your first line of apology when care cats out of your patch is to make persuading that you have your boundaries lock. If there are any gaps in your fence, you should make really that you obstruct them to preclude any low access. Cats are very alert animals, and can leap very high. Normally they can vault a fence, which is why you should also invest in cord or firm lead across the top.

If a cat has made his way into your backyard, it may be hard to get him out. Most people wish to use dogs, plainly because dogs are known to detest cats. There are some dog breeds out there the completely hate cats, such as pit bulls and Dobermans. Cats are completely awful of these breeds, and will escape if they see them around. All cats are known to despise water as well. If you situation a cat in your plot, water almost forever gets him out. All it takes is a container of water or a well meant spew with a backyard rinse to make him run away. After you have hit the cat with water sometime, he should get the whisper not to come back anymore. If he comes back, only spout him or toss more water on him awaiting he gets the idea.

Protecting your plants is a different narrative. Mothballs are said to be very operative, as cats don’t like the smell. You can use mothballs around your plants, backyard precincts, or even along the fence. There are other repellents that you can use as well, such as cayenne peppers, tobacco, lilac oil, citronella oil, mustard oil, and even lemon meadow oil. If you break your confined hardware or lawn stock, you can find proposal started sprinklers. They work great in charge cats out of your patch. Once you instate the sprinkler scheme and a cat comes into the corner, the detector will tool up the cat’s aura and immediately zoom out a jet of water that will douse the cat. In most suitcases, all it takes is a the period of exposure to the sprinkler before a cat learns to continue out of that corner.

Sound strategy that aspect high frequencies are also a great way to scare off cats, although they aren’t trying to humans. You can find numerous different models, such as those that stay on all the time, and those that signal detected. To use this capture of design, you’ll require to make certainly that the pattern you have is sharp enough to involve the intact area. If you classic you are with is sound enough to disguise your intact patch, it should suffice in scaring off any useless animals.

You can also use commercial repellents as well. Commercial repellents use scents to keep cats away, and shouldn’t be used near any food crops. Due to their high compound satisfied, commercial repellents can litter your crops. You can find them at your local department amass, with several varieties to want from, many of which will fend off other animals from your backyard as well.

If you have a plot, it can be very trying if cats and other animals finish to make your plot their home. If you shove to your guns and do your part, you can thwart them from bothering your plot or your crops. Once you have held your boundaries around the plot, you should try with water first. If water doesn’t look to work, you can look into another manner, such as commercial repellents.

postheadericon Alongside a fully functional cage, dog beds are perhaps one of the most vital pieces of dog-owning kit, providing your pooch with a comfortable and safe place to rest

Alongside a fully functional cage, dog beds are perhaps one of the most vital pieces of dog-owning kit, providing your pooch with a comfortable and safe place to rest. No matter what size, shape, age or breed, every dog needs a place to call their own, a place to retreat to when he/she needs to get away from it all.

Nevertheless, every dog has its own individual requirements when it comes to sleeping arrangements, so take the time to consider your dog’s personality and favourite activities before you commit to buying a new bed. If your dog is the ‘outdoorsy’ type, enjoying frolicking in the mud or working as a gundog, then a waterproof and wipe clean plastic bed could be the most practical option. Whilst this type of bed may seem a little uncomfortable, remember that you can add a washable mattress or thick towel into the bed that can easily be removed and provide that extra bit of comfort for your peace of mind.

From fleece, to suede and cord, soft dog beds come in a variety of materials and are ideal for those that like to pamper their dog. Coming in a range of sizes and colours, soft dog beds can be tailored to fit in with your home furnishings, providing a doggy extension to the home. Smaller donut styles are ideal for smaller dogs, whilst snuggle beds with sides, are perfect for medium to larger sized canine friends.

Innovations in mattress technology have also provided pet stores with the ability to produce memory foam beds for dogs – ideal for older canines with arthritic changes. Fitting perfectly to your dogs shape, these beds can provide a high level of support for dogs suffering with ailments such as sore backs or respiratory issues.

Well we couldn’t end the article without talking about boutique, designer dog beds. If your companion enjoys the luxury in life, then a four poster or princess castle dog bed could be just the ticket. Whilst this type of bed is normally reserved for toy breeds, when purchased sensibly they can provide a fun and stylish place to sleep for a spoilt dog.